REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON ORGANIC SRI AND SEED EXCHANGE IN TAMIL NADU
Moghanraj Yadav, managing trustee of VAANGHAI (Virtual Action
on Agriculture by Nagurway Growing and Husbandry of Animals in
India) in Tamil Nadu state, reports on an organic SRI rice production
workshop (Uzhavar Mugham – 2007), conducted August 17
and reported in The Hindu (see
The main objective
of the Uzhavar Mugham, which has been organized every year for
the past 10 years, was to distribute pre-released rice varieties
to a network farmers working with VAANGHAI for Multi-Location
Trials (MLT) as part of a Farmer-to-Farmer Seed Movement. The program
supports the cultivation of organic rice under SRI methodology
to reduce the costs of cultivation, with minimal irrigation, improving
productivity to enrich farmers’ lifestyle and income level.
Shri R. Muthusamy, Senior Regional Manager for the Indian Overseas
Bank (IOB) regional office in Nagapattinam, presided over the function.
was attended by 150 farmers from various districts of Tamil Nadu
state. There was participation from local villagers, farmers,
self-help groups, members of the VAANGHAI-affiliated Farmers’ Club,
and VAANGHAI Trust. The program is given below, listing the officials
and scientists who addressed the participants and topics covered.
There was good coverage in the press, both English and Tamil. There
were also enquiries from other states. A recurrent theme was that
by using organic inputs with SRI, yield potential is increased
better than with chemical fertilizer.
presentation on SRI methodology in Tamil was made, facilitating
effective interaction between the farmers and agricultural scientists. SRI
system of cultivation is suitable for delta areas, especially
the tail-end Cauvery farmers. Through adoption of these methods,
farmers get increased yield over and above their normal paddy
cultivation. Field trials proved that the system can lead to
remarkably higher yield with simultaneous quality improvement
in the seed produced. the farmers can adopt the system in the district.
on SRI in Organic Farming (in Tamil), prepared by Vaanghai Trust,
was released during the function. Another book on “Farm
Practices in Delta Region” (in Tamil) by Dr. S.S.Nagarajan
was also released. Traditional rice varieties grown by Vaanghai
network farmers were displayed and distributed, and awareness of
these opportunities was created among the participants. Traditional
vegetable seeds were also distributed to farmers. To support the
organic farmers involved in SRI methodology, Sikkal branch of IOB
has come forward to extend financial assistance to make rotary
weeders widely available.
Emerging issues on conclusion of the workshop:
1. Need to create Training Centre
to inculcate Participatory Approach in SRI and Organic Farming;
2. Each Network Farmer should promote
SRI with at least one other organic farmer every year;
3. Each Network Farmer should distribute
2 kg of organic rice seeds within their neighbouhood for expansion
of the Farmer-to-Farmer Seed Movement.
Programme: ORGANIC WORKSHOP ON RICE IN SRI
VAANGHAI, Sikkal, Sangamangalam, Nagapattinam,
Farming: Global Scenario, Scope & Challenges for India – K.
Venugopal, Additional General Manager (DD), National Bank for Agriculture
and Rural Development (NABARD)
Role of Agriculture in India’s Economy and Problem of Migration
of Farmers to Urban Areas -- R. Muthusamy, Sr. Regional Manager,
Indian Overseas Bank, Nagapattinam
Organic Rice Production in SRI Methodology -- Dr. T. M. Thiyagarajan,
Director, Tirur Rice Research Station, Tiruvallur District
Rice Varieties Suitable for Samba and Thalady Seasons - Dr. P.
Parthasarathy, Tamil Nadu Rice Research Institute (TRRI), Aduthurai,
Suitable Rice Varieties for Delta Areas - Dr. K. Thiyagarajan,
Cultivation Techniques in SRI - Dr. K. Rajendran, TRRI
Seed is First Link in the Food Chain and Symbol of Food Security;
Farmer-to-Farmer Seed Movement Leads to Biodiversity - Mr. G. Moghanraj
Yadhav, Managing Trustee, Vaanghai
Impact of Green
Revolution and Importance of Indigenous Cattle Breeds for Organic
Farming – Dr.
A. Kasi Pichai (Retd.), Dept. of Animal Husbandry
A Decade’s Footsteps of Traditional Seed Bank - S. Ramesh,
Traditional Seeds of India - G. Mohana Natarajan, Sanghai Uzhavar
Vermi-Castings - Dr. K. Gouthaman, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sikkal,